MS in Justice Studies Online Degree
SNHU's faculty brings years of experience to the justice studies master's degree online curriculum. You will gain insight into the issues, trends and challenges justice professionals face today in this 36-credit program. The MS in Justice Studies curriculum is conveniently offered online and classes meet over 11-week terms. Take two classes each term and earn your Master's degree in Justice Studies in as few as 18 months.
MS in Justice Studies Required Core Courses
JUS-600: Police in the American Experience
A comprehensive examination of the role of police as gatekeepers in the justice system with particular attention given to their role, function and responsibilities inside the legal system commences the course analysis. How police and law enforcement carry out their duties in a free society will be the subject of debate and advocacy as will the perennial issues surrounding police behavior - police misconduct, police abuse of discretion and police alienation from communities. An equally important aspect of the course will relate to the legal issues that surround police practice on a day-to-day basis. Police search and seizure, confessions and witness cooperation, identification and investigative field practices, and the law or arrest and detention will be assessed from a professional, statutory and constitutional perspective. Attention will be given to the efficacy of judicially ordered remedies in the conduct of police and whether other methods of intervention may generate better results. A comprehensive view of litigation tactics and strategies in police misconduct cases from initial investigation to appeals, receive significant coverage.
JUS-601: Correctional Policy and Practice
Concepts related to correctional law and its applications are the central theme of the course. Aside from the usual review of correctional law issues, relating to prison modalities and regimen, discipline and due process, constitutional protections during incarceration, with special analysis of 8th and 14th Amendment claims, the course expends considerable time on the role of function of institutional processes and operations in the correctional sphere - allowing an even handed discussion of the rights and responsibilities of both the correctional officers and supervisory personnel and the inmates within their custody. Further treatment includes emerging questions in the prison environment including aids in the facility, free expression and political speech, the right to vote, family and conjugal visitation, matters involving parole and furlough as well as the theory of rehabilitation, both medical and mental in prison operations. Lastly, the course evaluates the diverse schools of thought in the matter of punishment including its legitimacy and its condemnation and addresses the more controversial questions in prison practice and therapeutic activity as punishment.
JUS-602: Courts and Judicial Process
This course is a study of select issues and problems concerning the judicial function and appellate process in the federal system. Initially, the course is devoted to a study of legal doctrine affecting the appellate process, including: jurisdictional issues of particular interest at the appellate level; final orders and interlocutory appeals; prudential considerations limiting appellate review; issues of federalism affecting relations between federal and state courts; waiver of appealable issues; the proper scope and standard of review (with emphasis on administrative agency appeals); and the remedial authority of the courts. The course ends with a focus on the judicial process from a more reflective and philosophical perspective, including: a critique of the judicial philosophies of some leading jurists; a consideration of the function of courts and judges in a democratic society; and preparation of a short paper dealing with some significant aspect of the judicial process.
JUS-603: Law, Ethics, and Justice System
An inquiry into the interplay of law, morality, ethical reasoning and Western Legal tradition. The course exposes the tradition and foundations of the American legal system with special emphasis on its jurisprudential foundations. Questions of right, justice, equity, law as moral command and order, natural law reasoning and the dignity of the human person are central to the instruction. The course delivers a critical look at how our legal and justice institutions have come about and provides a method for dealing and delving into perennial legal and moral problems that plague cultures. Overview of the major legal theories about the nature of law and its place in the political system. Among the issues considered is the origin of law, its relationship with divine law, obligations of obedience and disobedience, and the relationship between political sovereignty and law.
JUS-604: Legal and Justice Research
A review of the American legal system, including the courts and the legislatures, role and functions of its personnel, form and substance of law from a procedural and substantive perspective, and primary and secondary sources of the law. Students will be exposed to federalism, the function of law making, and dispute resolution in the judicial system. The course also surveys the processes of the judicial, legislative, and executive branches and the role of administrative agencies. Another facet of the course is dedicated to the mastery of legal method and the research tools essential to that success including: judicial reports, including federal and state court reports and citation forms; case finding aids, including federal, state, and Supreme Court digests and encyclopedias; citers such as Sheppard's Citations; digests; annotated law reports; legal periodicals, including periodical indexes and research procedure; the nature, function and characteristics of treatises; research procedures; state and federal administrative law; federal, state and local court rules; miscellaneous research aids and non-legal research aids. The student will also be exposed to the various types of law including crimes, civil actions, contract and business actions as well as other typologies of law. Course participants will have ample opportunity to hone and develop critical legal skills by argument, advocacy, interpretation, and preparation of legal documents.
MS in Justice Studies Concentration Electives
Select Seven of the Following:
ACC-500: Managerial Accounting
Students in this course study the accumulation of accounting information. The internal use of accounting for management planning, control and decision-making is emphasized. Background preparation: 6 credit hours of accounting or equivalent. Note: ACC 500 cannot be taken for credit or as an elective if ACC 510 has been completed.
ACC-646: Intro to Forensic Accounting/Fraud Exam
This course will develop the student's understanding of what forensic accounting and fraud examination is and how it pertains to both civil and criminal matters. The student will gain a basic understanding of the characteristics of fraud, fraud prevention and detection, investigative techniques, asset recovery, and the use of information technology in this interesting and growing profession.
ACC-620 and ACC-640; or UG Accounting degree; or 2 years accounting experience in the field
ACC-691: Detection/Prevention of Fraudulent Financial Statements
This second course in forensic accounting and fraud examination examines the various types of fraud and its impact on the financial information presented. The objective of this course is to identify common fraud schemes and scams. Participants in this course will learn how to review, detect, and investigate possible financial statement fraud by addressing such topics as income smoothing, off balance sheet financing, fictitious sales/revenue, and understatement of liabilities, just to name a few. Various techniques will be used to explore substantive analytical procedures to assess the risks of financial statement fraud.
ACC-692: Interview Techniques/Legal Aspects of Fraud
This third course in forensic accounting and fraud examination will acquaint the participant with interview principles and techniques. Additionally, the participant will be exposed to some of the legal aspects pertaining to the identification and prosecution of fraud.
ACC-693: Investigating with Computers
This fourth course in the Graduate Certificate will provide guidance and knowledge for conducting investigations via machine. The skills of the participant in this course will be strengthened in such areas as identification of the types of public records available to investigate; how to access the public records through databases; navigation of the Internet to find useful material; the use of fraud-related software packages to detect and investigate possible fraudulent activities; and the use of data analysis programs and spreadsheets to detect fraud.
ACC-646, ACC-691 and ACC-692
IT-500: Information Technology
This course focuses on the many ways information technology is incorporated within contemporary organizations and used to achieve a competitive advantage in the national and international marketplace. The interrelationships between information technology, management and organizations are emphasized. Management of the system development process and the tools and methods used to produce quality information systems also are studied. Background preparation: 3 credit hours in information technology or equivalent. IT 500 cannot be taken for credit or as an elective if IT 510 has been completed.
IT-548: Information Security
This course provides students hands-on information security training as future executives, network professionals, system administrators and consultants. It explores the basic concepts in information security policies, models, and mechanisms for secrecy, integrity, and availability. Topics include approaches in an organization to prevent,detect and recover from the loss of information; cryptography and its applications; and security in computer networks and distributed systems.
IT-641: Telecommunications for Business
This course is an introduction to telecommunications technology, standards, policy and strategy for business managers in a global environment. Topics covered include the basics of data communications and networking, uses and applications of telecommunications and the convergence of data communications and other types of communications. These include phone, multi- media and other systems. Technology and standards of telecommunications are covered in this course from the perspective of business managers.
IT-500 or IT-510 or permission of instructor
JUS-605: Organized Crime
A graduate level examination of the dynamic referred to as 'organized crime' picking up where the undergraduate course ends. Specific crimes, like racketeering, extortion, bribery, official corruption, graft, drugs, prostitution and other illicit trafficking will be analyzed. Investigative techniques and prosecutorial strategies that relate to the identification and elimination of organized crime are a major component of the course content.
JUS-606: Planning/Tactics: Homeland and WMD
A graduate level examination to provide students with a thorough understanding of the strategic, political, legal, and organizational challenges associated with the defense of the U.S. homeland, the efforts that are under way to meet these challenges, and possible policy options. The course starts by examining the range of potential threats to the U.S. homeland, focusing on potential terrorist acts. The course then examines strategies and means for addressing these threats, including both military and non-military options. The course goes on to analyze organizational issues and impediments to effective policy coordination. Finally, the course addresses the implications of homeland security challenges and policies for constitutional rights, legal protections, and civil liberties.
JUS-607: Terrorism and Strategic Response
The course will help 'bound the problem' of Homeland Security by examining how terrorism has spurred sharp changes in US strategy, policy and governmental design, and how those changes should continue over the near and longer term. Elements of Threat and Vulnerability Assessments will be thoroughly discussed as well as various procedures for assessments and the method of tailoring the assessment to the facility/area under study. Manners of protecting the facility/area in question will then be addressed as well as evacuation plans and emergency plans.
JUS-608: Employment Law
Course content includes the various business entities and the steps necessary for creation and operation, from initial and amended articles of incorporation, state filing requirements, stock certificates and securities, stock ledgers and books, resolutions, dividends and stock splits, employment agreements, as well as introducing other business forms from partnerships to limited liability corporations. In the employment sector, coverage will examine constitutional and statutory protection related to employee rights from benefits and pensions to discrimination remedies. Collective bargaining and other labor questions will be keenly assessed as well as emerging workplace questions involving maternity and family leave, wages and compensation, COBRA, free expression and religious rights and novel forms of disability claims.
JUS-609: Private Sector Justice
This course provides a focus on the legal and ethical dilemmas faced by security professionals. Students will examine the legal rights available to security officers, corporations, partnerships, and individually owned businesses for the protection of their property from theft by employees, customers and others. The law of arrest, search and seizure, detention, surveillance and legal consequences are some of the areas explored.
JUS-620: Emergency Management
This course is an introduction to the strides made by federal, state, and local governments to educate the public about natural disasters. It provides a scope of preparedness to prevent the inherent discontinuity of citizens' lives caused by major disasters. The course presents theories, principles, and approaches to emergency management. The philosophy of Comprehensive Emergency Management will be discussed with four attendant steps, which include mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. The role, duties, and importance of the Emergency Manager will also be discussed.
JUS-621: Cont Issues/Homeland Security
This course is designed to involve the examination of current issues and concerns with the ever-shifting Homeland Security policy and its impact upon the practice in the field. Innovations and reactions from politicians, citizens, and practitioners will serve to offer students insight into the challenges of implementing and maintaining homeland security.
JUS-699: Practicum in Justice Studies
An independent opportunity for mature and scholarly graduate students to build on and further develop research, writing, and analytical thinking skills by authoring a serious work of scholarship. Student is required to use advanced research and writing skills in the resolution of a current substantive or procedural legal problem. Student works directly under guidance of a graduate faculty member and prepares, executes and submits for departmental review, the proposed course of study.
JUS-700: Justice Studies Thesis
Intensive production of a graduate level thesis under supervision of a Director and Committee and in accordance with departmental and university policy constitutes the Thesis course. Far more substantive than a research paper, the thesis may either be quantitative or qualitative in design, but in any case need address a pertinent issue of originality in the field of law and public policy. Thesis will be authored under standards promulgated by the Modern Language Association (MLA) or under the rules and guidelines published by the Uniform System of Citation of Harvard Law School. Student need consult with the Program Director for guidance and instruction on other requirements.
MBA-501: Mathematics and Statistics for Business
This is an applied course, which will provide students with the mathematical knowledge and skills that underlie many courses offered in the school of business. Students will learn the fundamental concepts and methods of linear algebra, mathematical functions, differential calculus and statistics and their applications to business. They will also sharpen their quantitative, analytical and problem-solving skills that are so important for success in the world of business today.
MBA-502: Economics for Business
This course is intended to provide the student with a concisely focused yet rigorous introduction to both micro- and macroeconomic theory needed at the foundational level of a graduate degree program. Some of the topics to be addressed include: market behavior; demand theory and related elasticity concepts; production and cost theory; managerial decision-making in perfectly competitive and imperfectly competitive markets; GDP determination; unemployment and inflation; and fiscal and monetary policy.
MBA-503: Financial Reporting and Analysis
This course is designed to help future business leaders across all functional areas appreciate and understand the rules and regulations, processes and procedures, and significance of financial accounting statements and reports. It provides a balanced presentation between how statements are prepared and, more importantly, how to analyze these statements and footnotes to assess a company's performance within the industry and management's performance within a particular company. New government regulations have made the integrity and quality of financial accounting information everyone's responsibility. This course will help future business leaders conduct better internal audits, improve forecasts and valuations, and make better management decisions.
MBA-610: Business Law
This course focuses on the theory and application of business regulations and the laws of contracts, agency, property and business organizations. Background preparation: 3 credit hours in business law or the equivalent.
OL-500: Human Behavior in Organizations
This course is a study of individuals and groups and their interaction. Students examine theories of motivation, communication, leadership, power and change with practical relation to contemporary issues. They also study organizations for key design variables and reward systems aimed at improved performance and organizational efficiency through employee motivational programs, participative management and cooperative decision making.
OL-670: Organizational Leadership
This course combines theory and practice by encouraging students to learn traditional and contemporary leadership theories and apply them to the analysis of the behavior of business managers, entrepreneurs and other recognized individuals. This course includes readings, cases, exercises and numerous examples of effective leadership models. Areas covered include the societal evolution of leadership; the leadership roles of strategy, vision and transformational change; the development of leaders; the leadership responsibilities of creating effective teams, organizations and cultures; the exploration of different leadership styles; and current popular approaches to leadership theory.
OL-500 or HOS-550
OL-750: Contemporary Issues in Organizational Leadership
This is the capstone course for the M.S. in organizational leadership. Students examine contemporary issues challenging leaders of the postmodern organization. Using a case-based approach, students will examine specific issues under the broader themes of leadership, team- work, quality, change, organizational structure and trustworthiness. Within the context of these themes, students will be exposed to the latest trends that have begun and will continue to challenge organizational leaders for the foreseeable future. Students develop environmental scanning techniques that will assist them in the identification of potentially new areas for opportunities as well as develop an understanding of some systems changes already under way in the business environment.
OL-500 and OL-600 and OL-690 and OL-670
PAD-630: Foundations of Public Administration
This course is designed to introduce students to the foundations and constraints that form the environment of the public administration. It will encourage and enable the view of governance issues through the eyes of a public administrator. The course is structured to provide basic skills and set the context of contemporary political, social, economic, and administrative realities. It explores responsive, equitable, effective, efficient, and accountable governance processes, public policies, and institutional-based programs. It also examines, from a multidisciplinary perspective, those essential competencies, values, and issues important to public service organizations and the importance of public policy at the local, state, national and international levels.
PAD-631: Strategic Management in Public Service
This course is designed to provide an academic foundation to applied strategic management in public service. Identifying the factors that differentiate public service from the private sector, strategic planning and the implications those differences have for managers. Emphasis is placed on applied strategic planning and management including how to create a mission statement, conduct a SWOT analysis, conduct a stakeholder analysis, writing goals and objectives, and how to design and implement a performance measurement and management system. Current approaches to strategic management used by federal, state, local, and non-profit organizations are emphasized.
PAD-632: Foundations of Public Policy
This course is an introduction to the public policy process. Students will develop an understanding of what "political" and "public policy" mean. Topics discussed include why some problems reach the public agenda, why some solutions are adopted, why others are rejected, why some policies appear to succeed while others appear to fail. The course also examines the complexity of policymaking at the national, state, and local levels.
PAD-633: Intergovernmental Relations
This course is designed to demonstrate the challenges and strategies for governance and administration in an institutional environment of fragmented authority and dispersed power. It defines the balance of shared powers between the layers and institutions of government poses and the considerable challenges to policymakers and administrators. Major dimensions of intergovernmental relations: the vertical dimension of federal, states, and local governments, that cooperate, coordinate, and compete for shares of power, and the horizontal dimension in which sub-governments interact with one another. The course examines the structure of American political institutions, the nature of complex policymaking, governance by networks, and the consequences of competition between governments.
SPT-610: Sport Law
Students learn about the law as it applies to professional and amateur sport organizations. The course includes the analysis of contracts, tort law, antitrust law, labor law and collective bargaining.