Master Construction Management
- $627/credit (36 credits total)
- Transfer up to 12 graduate credits
- Learn to manage essential project teams
- Program accredited by ACBSP
- Gain soft skills for management
- Complete in as few as 15 months
Master’s in Construction Management Degree Online Program Overview
From technological advancements to worker safety and materials regulations to environmental protection, the job of a construction manager is more complex than ever.
At Southern New Hampshire University, you can gain the real-world expertise and project management skills demanded by employers in your field by earning an online Master of Science (MS) in Management with a concentration in Construction Management program.
The specialized construction management degree program focuses on the planning and management of critical aspects of the construction process. You'll learn the tools, practices and strategies of construction management, including the relationship between estimating and budgeting for projects, materials and methods.
You'll also evaluate quality control and equipment management and the implications of construction law, contracts and risk management in decision-making for different types and sizes of construction projects.
Construction manager roles are projected to grow at a faster than average rate through 2030.1 Not only are job sites starting to reopen since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, but firms are trying harder than ever to adapt current talent strategies and create new talent management and workforce experience strategies to navigate workforce challenges, according to a 2022 report from consulting firm Deloitte.2
Learn how to:
- Analyze construction projects to plan, implement and manage the construction process
- Support and develop talent and guide them through change
- Develop communication skills and build appropriate business relationships
- Apply critical thinking, data analysis and ethical reasoning to decision-making
- Create plans that prioritize tasks, stabilize conflicts and integrate project management tools
- Maintain accountability through business metrics, performance data and financial analysis
- Encourage culture and brand stewardship in employees and in your management approach
Receive Credit for Prior Learning
You've earned it. Now take advantage of it. Students bringing in the following certification may be eligible to waive certain courses, helping you save time and tuition:
- Active Certified Construction Manager (CCM) certification can be substituted for MGT-605: Construction Budgeting, Estimating & Bidding
Even in light of the global pandemic, the expectation of growth in building and renovating within the construction industry is expected to keep up with population growth and evolutionary needs.
"There is a growing need for business development managers and construction managers with specialized skill sets in planning and coordinating project budgets, as well as monitoring compliance with safety codes and regulations," said Dr. Michelle Caron, CPC, an associate dean at Southern New Hampshire University. "This is a high-demand field with the capability to expand and promote quickly.”
According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, demand for construction managers is projected to grow 11% through 2030, faster than the average for all occupations.1 The need to improve portions of the national infrastructure will also spur employment growth as roads, bridges and systems are upgraded or replaced.
And to make sure these projects finish on time and on budget, construction managers need to make sure everyone and everything – from start to finish – is working like a well-oiled machine. What's more, additional oversight is now required for today's innovative construction processes and building technology.1
"I see the need for much better educated onsite construction management," said Ryan Whitaker, adjunct faculty at SNHU. "Expecting a craft workforce that is much less skilled than even a decade ago – and often short-staffed – to perform at a high level without managerial guidance rarely works out."
By earning an online MS Management in Construction Management degree, you'll be prepared for a variety of management roles within the construction field, including:
- Business development manager
- Construction manager
- Construction foreman
- Construction superintendent
- General contractor
- Project executive
- Project manager
- Project superintendent
"Even prior to the pandemic, there was a shortage of skilled crafts people throughout all aspects of the construction industry," Whitaker said. "The shortage in skilled labor puts even more onus on the construction manager than in the past. With the construction management specialization, the graduate can better plan projects to increase productivity, quality and perhaps even materials alternatives."
For Marlon Belfor '17 '19G, the MS program was exactly what he needed.
"Pairing a construction management degree with experience helped me earn added responsibility," he said. "I worked in the construction management field for over 20 years, and the only academic credentials I had over that period were engineering technology certifications." Belfor had earned a math bachelor's at SNHU before moving right into his master's here.
Construction managers often work from a main office but also visit the construction site, where they monitor the project and make daily decisions about construction activities. Daily responsibilities may include working with owners, contractors or design professionals; planning, scheduling or coordinating construction project budgets, schedules and activities; and inspecting or reviewing projects to monitor compliance with safety codes and environmental regulations.
"With my architectural background, I always wanted to work onsite and gain in-depth knowledge in construction management for large-scale projects," said Ash Ahmed '19G. "There are always some myths that construction managers had serious issues when fulfilling the architect’s ideas, that they think the innovative ideas architects propose are not functional. I've encountered such frustration throughout my career, and this program helped me understand the functional difficulties of a construction manager with the eye of lateral thinking."
The BLS reported that in 2020, the top construction employers1 were:
- Self-employed workers: 36%
- Specialty trade contractors: 17%
- Nonresidential building construction: 17%
- Residential building construction: 11%
- Heavy and civil engineering construction: 8%
“Construction management is a high-demand, highly lucrative field with six-figure earning potential," Caron said.
The BLS reported that in May 2021, the median annual wage for construction managers was $98,890.1 The BLS also notes that construction managers are often eligible for bonuses, which can help bump up your earnings.
The top 10% of construction managers earned over $163,800 in May 2021.1
You may even find that your master's in construction management can apply to fields outside of that area of work.
"I do not currently work in construction management – and my goal was not to find a job in it, either," said Kevin P. Hurst Jr. '20. "I wanted a degree that could help me at my corporate career in international development, as well as my personal career in real estate development. ... It helped with building out additional skills that are helping to expand my role."
Start Your Journey Towards an Online Construction Management Degree
Why SNHU For Your Master’s in Construction Management Degree Online
With no set class meeting times, you can learn on your schedule and access online course materials 24/7.
As part of our mission to make higher education more accessible, we’re committed to keeping our tuition rates low. In fact, we haven’t raised our online tuition rates, some of the lowest in the nation, since 2012.
Prior coursework and work experience could also help you save time and money. SNHU’s transfer policy allows you to transfer up to 12 credits from your previous institution. You could also earn college credit for previous work experience.
Founded in 1932, Southern New Hampshire University is a private, nonprofit institution with over 150,000 graduates across the country. SNHU is institutionally accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education (NECHE), which advocates for institutional improvement and public assurance of quality.
Recently, SNHU has been nationally recognized for leading the way toward more innovative, affordable and achievable education:
- “Most Innovative” regional university honors from U.S. News & World Report each year since 2015
- A $1 million grant from Google.org to explore soft skills assessments for high-need youth
- Recognition as a 2017 Digital Learning Innovator by the Online Learning Consortium
At Southern New Hampshire University, you'll have access to a powerful network of more than 300,000 students, alumni and staff that can help support you long after graduation. Our instructors offer relevant, real-world expertise to help you understand and navigate the field. Plus, with our growing, nationwide alumni network, you'll have the potential to tap into a number of internship and career opportunities.
96.5% of students would recommend SNHU (according to a 2019 survey of 9,200+ online students). Discover why SNHU may be right for you.
Expanding access to quality higher education means removing the barriers that may stand between you and your degree. That’s why you can apply at any time and get a decision within days of submitting all required materials:
- Completed free application
- Undergraduate transcripts, which we can retrieve for you by submitting a transcript request form
Acceptance decisions are made on a rolling basis throughout the year for our 5 graduate terms.
Courses & Curriculum
In the master’s in construction management online program, you’ll examine budgeting, estimating and bidding strategies and explore the different facets of construction materials and methods. Courses focus on quality management and productivity levels of construction projects, as well as legal aspects of the construction industry.
"The MS in Management with a concentration in Construction Management provides exceptional learning opportunities that are immediately applicable to the industry," said Dr. Michelle Caron, CPC, an associate dean at Southern New Hampshire University. "Students are truly taken on a journey that begins with detailing the schedule, scope and cost of a project to comparing construction materials, methods and equipment."
The management master's coursework at SNHU can help you develop necessary skills like effective business communication, data-driven decision making, developing and supporting talent, project management, supporting and fostering stewardship of an organization's culture and brand, and strategic planning.
In addition, you'll have the opportunity to build your leadership skills with strong ethics, courage, agility and practical application of proven management theory. When you successfully complete the program, you'll be well prepared to manage through an unpredictable, changing landscape of business in whatever industry you choose.
You'll take 8 courses in the management program. Topics may include:
- Human Behavior in Organizations: Students examine theories of motivation, communication, leadership, power and change with practical relation to contemporary issues. They also study organizations for key design variables and reward systems aimed at improved performance and organizational efficiency through employee motivational programs, participative management and cooperative decision making.
- Managing Through Communication: Learn how to manage people and organizations effectively using communication as a tool. Enhance skills and techniques in motivating, leading change, developing relationships and team building through effective communication of core visions, active listening and providing feedback. Develop strategic management and communication skills that positively affect stakeholder behavior. Gain comprehensive, hands-on experience in constructing documents and presentations that inform, persuade and influence the intended audience to achieve strategic goals.
- Project Management: The course adopts a managerial process approach to project management, which consists of initiating, planning, executing, controlling and closing the project. Major topics will include project scope, project time, project cost, project quality, project risk, project resources, project communications and how to be an effective project manager.
Kevin P. Hurst Jr. '20 said his human behavior and HR management courses in the core of the program provided him with his most-used takeaways.
"Both courses truly helped me build a broader understanding of managing people in the workplace, while also supporting the individual," he said. "I have taken what I’ve learned and applied it to an internal initiative outside of my role that I’m very passionate about. Using the skills and knowledge from those courses, I joined the Inclusion & Diversity Committee. From there, I was able to build out a series of open forums to help other managers as well as people at all levels of the organization."
When you add a construction management concentration onto a graduate-level degree in management, you get the ideal blend that can help you reach your goals. Well-developed management skills are sought after in every organization. But specific knowledge about construction – and the processes that get a project done well and on time – merged with your management training can be a powerful combination in the industry.
"The inclusion of real-world case studies brings the course to life for learners as they explore quality control processes, construction law and risk assessment as essential components developed to prepare students for work in the field," Caron said.
The program is built to alleviate the "shortage of skilled craftspeople" in the construction industry, said Ryan Whitaker, adjunct faculty at SNHU.
"The shortage in skilled labor puts even more onus on the construction manager than in the past," he said. "With the construction management specialization, the graduate can better plan projects to increase productivity, quality and, perhaps, even materials alternatives."
The construction management concentration has 4 courses:
- Construction Budgeting, Estimating & Bidding: Examine budgeting, estimating and bidding strategies for various types and sizes of construction projects. Using a project-based approach, students are exposed to project budgetary considerations; conceptual, rough order magnitude, and definitive estimating; pricing for equipment, labor, and materials; bid preparation and strategies; and conducting a competitive analysis.
- Construction Law and Contracts: This course examines legal aspects of the construction industry, including interpretation of the law, contract administration, and risk management. Using a case study approach, students analyze cases to apply legal concepts and principles, interpret the law and determine the performance and flexibility of contracts. Additional topics include ethics, dispute resolution, liability, labor laws, insurance and bonds. Students completing this course are exposed to pertinent laws and contractual requirements and limitations associated with construction management.
- Construction Materials & Methods: This course explores the different facets of construction materials and methods. Using a case study approach, students analyze the construction process, including work methods, techniques and strategies; methods of equipment selection; reading and interpreting plans and specifications; and material specifications. Additional topics include the procurement of materials, codes, and regulations. Students completing this course obtain the skillsets applicable to real‐world construction projects.
- Construction Quality Management and Productivity: This course focuses on quality management and productivity levels of construction projects. Students analyze real-world cases to evaluate techniques, tools and practices in implementing and monitoring quality control processes as well as equipment management to include managing and quantifying labor and equipment productivity. Additional topics include scheduling, cost and cost control measures, safety, risk management and quality measurements. Students completing this course recognize the relationship between quality and productivity.
The construction management coursework helped Marlon Belfor '17 '19G with a large subway project in Manhattan, New York.
"The project entailed nearly every facet of construction management activity from a project management perspective, such as being solely responsible for stage and phase work completion and managing staff," he said.
Ash Ahmed '19G agreed about the curriculum's benefits.
"My communication course was the best class," she said. "It covered many of the gray areas I lacked before. And Construction Law and Contracts is the class where I learned the rules and regulations associated with the industry and could greatly support my career goals."
And that's what our instructors prepare you for. Well versed in leadership and training tomorrow's leaders, our instructors are on hand to guide you through the program, helping you become an organization's next great leader.
"I felt all the instructors were not only knowledgeable but also provided great support to bring out the best in each of us," Ahmed said. "They were available all the time when I needed them."
At the end of your program, you'll take a capstone class. The purpose of the course is to assess your ability to synthesize and integrate the knowledge and skills you've developed throughout your coursework.
The capstone may also provide you with a portfolio piece you'll be able to show employers.
Don't have a business bachelor's degree? SNHU offers a Business Foundations course for students with little or no business background. You'll want to have a discussion with your admission counselor or academic advisor to determine if you'll need to take this class.
|View Full Curriculum in the Catalog|
|MS in Management - Construction Management|
|Courses May Include|
|Ms in Management Construction Management|
|MGT 510||Cultivating Organizational Culture||Business leaders are responsible for cultivating, maintaining, and fostering an organizational culture that accurately represents the organization internally and externally, encourages and supports people, and holds organizational members accountable to the vision, mission, and goals of a business. This course provides students with the skills, theories, and practices necessary to identify a strong culture that permeates the ethics, decision-making, and behaviors of the organization. Students will work through advanced cases and apply these experiences to their own learning and organizations.|
|MGT 600||Resource Planning and Decision Making||This course serves as an advanced exploration into ill-structured situations requiring strategic plans and effective resource management. Students are asked to develop strategies around personnel management, budget allocation, performance metrics, and goal setting. This course prepares students for the advanced concentration courses in their area and serves as a precursor to the integrated capstone experience.|
|MGT 605||Construction Budgeting, Estimating & Bidding||This course examines budgeting, estimating, and bidding strategies for various types and sizes of construction projects. Using a project-based approached, students are exposed to project budgetary considerations; conceptual, rough order magnitude, and definitive estimating; pricing for equipment, labor, and materials; bid preparation and strategies; and conducting a competitive analysis. Students completing this course are prepared to create budgets, estimates, and bid proposals for any type of construction project.|
|MGT 610||Construction Materials & Methods||This course explores the different facets of construction materials and methods. Using a case study approach, students analyze the construction process, including work methods, techniques, and strategies; methods of equipment selection; reading and interpreting plans and specifications; and material specifications. Additional topics include the procurement of materials, codes, and regulations. Students completing this course obtain the skillsets applicable to real-world construction projects.|
|MGT 615||Construction Law and Contracts||This course examines legal aspects of the construction industry, including interpretation of the law, contract administration, and risk management. Using a case study approach, students analyze cases to apply legal concepts and principles, interpret the law, and determine the performance and flexibility of contracts. Additional topics include ethics, dispute resolution, liability, labor laws, insurance, and bonds. Students completing this course are exposed to pertinent laws and contractual requirements and limitations associated with construction management.|
|MGT 630||Construction Quality Management and Productivity||This course focuses on quality management and productivity levels of construction projects. Students analyze real-world cases to evaluate techniques, tools, and practices in implementing and monitoring quality control processes as well as equipment management to include managing and quantifying labor and equipment productivity. Additional topics include scheduling, cost and cost control measures, safety, risk management, and quality measurements. Students completing this course recognize the relationship between quality and productivity.|
|MGT 701||Critical Issues in Management Capstone||This capstone course is the culminating experience for the M.S. in Management program. The aim of the capstone is to assess students' ability to synthesize and integrate the knowledge and skills they have developed throughout their coursework, rather than introducing new concepts. This course is structured to support student success in fulfilling program requirements.|
|OL 500||Human Behavior in Organizations||This course is a study of individuals and groups and their interaction. Students examine theories of motivation, communication, leadership, power and change with practical relation to contemporary issues. They also study organizations for key design variables and reward systems aimed at improved performance and organizational efficiency through employee motivational programs, participative management and cooperative decision making.|
|OL 600||Strategic Human Resource Management||Examine key regulatory procedures and human resource requirements as they relate to applications in organizations. Analyze the strategic role of the human resource manager in performing functions of recruitment, hiring, training, career development and other contemporary processes within the organizational setting. Study concepts aligned with the Society for Human Resource Management (SHRM) Body of Competency and Knowledge (BoCK).|
|QSO 500||Business Research||This course presents an overview of the various primary and secondary research methodologies used in the business world and the application of statistical techniques to those strategies. The focus of this course is the design and execution of a practical, primary research. It is recommended that this course be one of the first three taken in degree programs in which it is required.|
|QSO 640||Project Management||This course includes the study of concepts, tools, and practices of project management. The course adopts a managerial process approach to Project Management, which consists of initiating, planning, executing, controlling and closing the project. Major topics will include project scope, project time, project cost, project quality, project risk, project resources, project communications and how to be an effective project manager. Cases are utilized to integrate the learning in the course and provide decision- making experience for the student.|
|Total Credits: 36|
Minimum Hardware Requirements
PC (Windows OS)
Apple (Mac OS)
Currently supported operating system from Microsoft.
Currently supported operating system from Apple.
8GB or higher
8GB or higher
100GB or higher
100GB or higher
Required for campus students. Strongly recommended for online students.
Required for campus students. Strongly recommended for online students.
SNHU Purchase Programs
5 Mbps Download, 1 Mbps Upload and less than 100 ms Latency
5 Mbps Download, 1 Mbps Upload and less than 100 ms Latency
- Laptop or desktop? Whichever you choose depends on your personal preference and work style, though laptops tend to offer more flexibility.
- Note: Chromebooks (Chrome OS) and iPads (iOS) do not meet the minimum requirements for coursework at SNHU. These offer limited functionality and do not work with some course technologies. They are not acceptable as the only device you use for coursework. While these devices are convenient and may be used for some course functions, they cannot be your primary device. SNHU does, however, have an affordable laptop option that it recommends: Dell Latitude 3301 with Windows 10.
- Office 365 Pro Plus is available free of charge to all SNHU students and faculty. The Office suite will remain free while you are a student at SNHU. Upon graduation you may convert to a paid subscription if you wish. Terms subject to change at Microsoft's discretion. Review system requirements for Microsoft 365 plans for business, education and government.
- Antivirus software: Check with your ISP as they may offer antivirus software free of charge to subscribers.
Tuition & Fees
Tuition rates for SNHU's online degree programs are among the lowest in the nation. We offer a 25% tuition discount for U.S. service members, both full and part time, and the spouses of those on active duty.
|Online Graduate Programs||Per Course||Per Credit Hour||Annual Cost for 15 credits|
(U.S. service members, both full and part time, and the spouses of those on active duty)*
Tuition rates are subject to change and are reviewed annually.
*Note: students receiving this rate are not eligible for additional discounts.
$150 Graduation Fee, Course Materials ($ varies by course)
Frequently Asked Questions
Can I get a construction management degree online?
Of course. Management programs are popular at many universities that offer online paths to your degree.
Southern New Hampshire University offers an online MS in Management program with 3 concentration options: construction management, emergency management and healthcare.
In our online MSM program, you'll dive deep into the science, philosophy and practice of effective management. Courses focus on decision-making, human behavior, corporate communications and project management. These are desirable skills in every industry.
You'll take 4 construction-specific courses in your online program, where you'll work on projects and case studies that can help you build your skill set – making you a more attractive job prospect for employers.
Earning your construction management degree online is ideal for those already in the workforce. If you're already working in construction – or another field – it can be difficult to figure out how a traditional college class schedule can fit into your life. Beyond work, you may also have family responsibilities or other obligations you don't want to miss out on.
That's why SNHU's coursework is accessible 24/7. We understand the barriers that may have prevented you from reaching your goals sooner. With round-the-clock access, you can do your coursework at noon or midnight – whenever it's most convenient for you.
Kevin P. Hurst Jr. '20G required the flexibility.
"It's truly an online program that can be done anywhere, from anywhere," he said. "My work required me to travel all over the world to locations that were very remote and had limited internet connection. I couldn’t risk a delay of any kind."
Plus, there's another major bonus to earning your construction degree online: It's more affordable. Online education has a reputation for not breaking the bank – and that goes for classes at SNHU, too.
We're known for having one of the lowest online tuition rates in the nation. Each credit hour is only $627, meaning your entire 36-credit master's degree could cost you just $22,572. And that's before financial aid is even applied!
Again, getting your degree online is not only a smart idea, but it's a plan that's doable.
What degree is best for construction?
It depends. While a hands-on construction job requires a lot of training, it typically does not require a college degree. On the other hand, if you're looking to move up the ranks to become a construction manager, a degree can certainly help.
What would you learn from a construction management degree program? All of the skills that can take you further.
At Southern New Hampshire University, knowledge you'd develop in the master's in construction management program includes:
- Bid preparation and proposals
- Construction law
- Contractual requirements
- Equipment selection
- Material specifications
- Quality control processes
- Safety and risk management
"I see the need for much better educated onsite construction management," said Ryan Whitaker, adjunct faculty at SNHU. "Expecting a craft workforce that is much less skilled than even a decade ago, and often short staffed, to perform at a high level without managerial guidance rarely works out. I see a high need in construction, quality and safety managers throughout major construction organization and on large construction projects."
In addition, the best degree to get is one that's accredited. Programs that are accredited are looked upon more favorably by employers.
At SNHU, we're accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education (NECHE), a institutional accreditation organization that ensures standards are being met.
The MS in Management with a concentration in Construction Management is also accredited by the Accreditation Council for Business Schools and Programs (ACBSP).
How much does a construction management degree cost?
The cost of your degree will depend on the school you choose.
At SNHU, our mission is to keep our online tuition affordable – so you have one less barrier in the way of your goals. The total tuition cost of our entire 36-credit MS in Management with a concentration in Construction Management program is $22,572. That's only $627 per credit.
There are other ways to make your degree at SNHU even more affordable.
One is by transferring credits into your program. We're known for our generous transfer-credit policies, and with graduate degrees, we accept up to 12 credits. That's a third of your degree – and that can drop your overall tuition cost to $15,048 for an entire master's degree.
Another way to bring the cost down may be through financial aid. Every student who wants financial assistance should file a Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). One of our Student Financial Services counselors can walk you through the process should you be eligible to receive funding. What's more, they can also help you create a customized payment plan so that you can keep your out-of-pocket costs down.
Contact an SNHU admission counselor today to learn just how affordable our master's degrees can be.
How long do you have to go to school to be a construction manager?
That's up to you and your schedule. It also depends on how many credits your program has. Some master's degrees in construction management can be completed in as few as 15 months.
Southern New Hampshire University's graduate program is one such program; It can be completed in just over a year. To do so, you'll have to go to school full time, which at SNHU, means that you take 2 classes per 10-week term.
But that type of schedule doesn't always work for everyone. Especially those who have families, work full time or have obligations that make specific class times at brick-and-mortar locations close to impossible. SNHU students also have the opportunity to enroll in 1 class at a time, meaning that you'd be attending school part time. Lots of our students do this – so you're in good company.
Kevin P. Hurst Jr. '20G took advantage of SNHU's transfer policy.
"I transferred in two courses," he said, meaning he was able to also save on the cost of 6 credits of his program. But making the transition from 1 class to 2 per term helped him cross the finish line quicker: "I did graduate faster than initially expected because I went from a part-time to full-time student. I graduated in 19 months."
You'll want to work with your academic advisor to determine what type of schedule would work best for you.
Is a master's in construction management worth it?
We'd like to think every degree is worth it. So if you're looking to move into construction management, then a master's degree in construction management is definitely worth it.
At Southern New Hampshire University, your construction management coursework is part of a concentration of our MS in Management program. That means you'll be learning leadership skills that can apply to any industry – in addition to the construction-specific management courses.
"My degree program was worth it," said Kevin P. Hurst Jr. '20G. "Business, project management and construction management were merged very well. All of the instructors were current and well informed. Everything that I was learning helped me out right away at work."
Plus, construction managers are in need. The Bureau of Labor Statistics projects that through 2030, the workforce should see 11% growth – faster than the average of all jobs.1
In that time frame, the BLS sees the need for construction managers for the construction of new residences, office buildings, retail outlets, hospitals, schools, restaurants and other structures. Those projects could also boost employment growth as roads, bridges and sewer pipe systems are upgraded or replaced.1
Growth could also be attributed to the need to retrofit buildings to make them more energy efficient. Managers may be more likely to head up the renovation and upgrading of buildings than oversee new large-scale construction projects.1
Look into a construction management program today to see if it aligns with your career goals.
Southern New Hampshire University is a private, nonprofit institution accredited by the New England Commission of Higher Education (NECHE) as well as several other accrediting bodies.
Sources & Citations (1, 2)
1Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, on the internet, at https://www.bls.gov/ooh/management/construction-managers.htm (viewed April 19, 2022). Cited projections may not reflect local and/or short-term economic or job conditions and do not guarantee actual job growth.
2Deloitte, 2022 Engineering and Construction Industry Outlook, on the internet, at https://www2.deloitte.com/us/en/pages/energy-and-resources/articles/engineering-and-construction-industry-trends.html (viewed Jan. 25, 2022).